United States Fire Statistics


According to the United States Fire Administration (USFA), the United States has a severe fire dilemma that is more so than what is generally perceived. Nationally, there are millions of fires, thousands of deaths, tens of thousands of injuries, and billions of dollars lost - which makes the U.S. fire problem one of great national importance.

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Translations

In 2005 there were 1,602,000 fires in the United States. Fifty percent of those fires were outside and other fires. Over thirty-one percent were structure fires. And eighteen percent were vehicle fires. The result of those fires were 3,675 deaths and 17,925 burn injuries.

The following table shows the number of fires, deaths, injuries and dollar loss in the United States from 1994 to 2003.

National

Year
Fires
Deaths
Injuries
Direct Dollar Loss In Millions
1994
2,054,500
4,275
27,250
$8,630
1995
1,965,500
4,585
25,775
$9,182
1996
1,975,000
4,990
25,550
$9,406
1997
1,795,000
4,050
23,750
$8,525
1998
1,755,000
4,035
23,100
$8,629
1999
1,823,000
3,570
21,875
$10,024
2000
1,708,000
4,045
22350
$11,207
2001¹
1,734,500
3,745
20,300
$10,583
2001²
1,734,500
2,451
800
$33,440
2002
1,687,500
3,380
18,425
$10,337
2003
1,584,500
3,925
18,125
$12,307

¹  Excludes the events of September 11, 2001.

²  These estimates reflect the number of deaths, injuries and dollar loss directly related to the events of September 11, 2001.

Where Fires Occurred - 2003

  • There were 1,584,500 fires in the United States. Of these:
    • 47.5% were Outside and Other Fires
    • 32.8% were Structure Fires
    • 19.7% were Vehicle Fires
  • Residential fires represented 25.4 percent of all fires and 77.4 percent of structure fires.
  • The South had the highest fire death rate per-capita with 16.4 civilian deaths per million population.
  • 80 percent of all civilian fire fatalities occurred in the home, where home is defined as one- and two-family dwellings and apartments. Of those, approximately 87 percent occurred in single-family homes and duplexes.
  • Intentionally set structure fires represented 8.0% of all structure property loss.
  • 30,500 intentionally set vehicle fires occurred, causing an estimated $132 million in property damage.

Source: National Fire Protection Association Fire Loss in the U.S. During 2003

The table below shows the number of fires, deaths, injuries and dollar loss in the United States from 1977 to 2007.

National

Year 
Fires 
Civilian deaths 
Civilian injuries
Firefighter deaths  
Firefighter injuries 
Direct property damage (in billions)
As reported
Direct property damage 
(in billions)
In 2007 dollars
1977 
3,264,000 
7,395 
31,190 
157 
112,540 
$4.7
$16.1
1978 
2,817,500 
7,710 
29,825 
173
101,100 
$4.5
$14.3
1979 
2,845,500 
7,575 
31,325 
125 
95,780 
$5.8
$16.5
1980 
2,988,000 
6,505 
30,200 
138 
98,070 
$6.3
$15.8
1981 
2,893,500 
6,700 
30,450 
136 
103,340 
$6.7
$15.2
1982 
2,538,000 
6,020 
30,525 
128
98,150 
$6.4
$13.8
1983 
2,326,500 
5,920 
31,275 
113 
103,150 
$6.6
$13.7
1984 
2,343,000 
5,240 
28,125 
119 
102,300 
$6.7
$13.4
1985 
2,371,000 
6,185 
28,425 
128 
100,900 
$7.3
$14.1
1986 
2,271,500 
5,850 
26,825 
120 
96,450 
$6.7
$12.7
1987 
2,330,000 
5,810 
28,215 
132 
102,600 
$7.2
$13.1
1988 
2,436,500 
6,215 
30,800 
136 
102,900 
$8.4
$14.7
1989 
2,115,000 
5,410 
28,250 
118 
100,700 
$8.7
$14.5
1990 
2,019,000 
5,195 
28,600 
108 
100,300 
$7.8
$12.4
1991 
2,041,500 
4,465 
29,375 
108 
103,300 
$9.5
$14.4
1992 
1,964,500 
4,730 
28,700 
75 
97,700 
$8.3
$12.3
1993 
1,952,500 
4,635 
30,475 
79 
101,500 
$8.5
$12.3
1994 
2,054,500 
4,275 
27,250 
105 
95,400 
$8.2
$11.4
1995 
1,965,500 
4,585 
25,775 
97 
94,500 
$8.9
$12.1
1996 
1,975,000 
4,990 
25,550 
96 
87,150 
$9.4
$12.5
1997 
1,795,000 
4,050 
23,750
99 
85,400 
$8.5
$11.0
1998 
1,755,500 
4,035 
23,100 
91 
87,500 
$8.6
$11.0
1999 
1,823,000 
3,570 
21,875 
112 
88,500 
$10.0
$12.5
2000 
1,708,000 
4,045 
22,350 
103 
84,550 
$11.2
$13.5
2001 
1,734,500 
6,1961 
21,1002 
4433 
82,250 
$44.04 
 $51.64
2002 
1,687,500 
3,380 
18,425 
97 
80,800 
$10.3
$11.9
2003 
1,584,500 
3,925 
18,125 
105 
78,750 
$12.3
$13.95
2004 
1,550,500 
3,900 
17,875
104
75,840
$9.8
$10.8
2005
1,602,000>
3,675
17,925
87
80,100
$10.7
$11.3
2006
1,642,500
3,245
16,400
89
83,400
 $11.3
$14.66
2007
1,557,500
3,430
17,675
102
TBA
$14.66
$14.66

1 Includes 2,451 civilian deaths that occurred from the events of 9/11/01.
2 Includes 800 civilian injuries that occurred from the events of 9/11/01.
3 Includes 340 firefighters at the World Trade Center, September 11, 2001.
4 Includes $33.44 billion in property loss that occurred from the events of 9/11/01.
5 Includes the Southern California Wildfires (Cedar and Old Wildfires) with an estimated total property loss of $2,040,000,000.  Loss by specific property type for this fire was not available.
6 This includes the California Fire Storm 2007 with an estimated property damage of $1.8 billion.

Direct property damage figures do not include indirect losses, like business interruption. Inflation adjustment to 2007 dollars is done using the consumer price index.

Source:  NFPA survey, NFPA’s Fire Incident Data Organization (FIDO).

Where Fires Occurred - 2007

  • There were 1,557,500 fires in the United States. Of these:
    • 5% decreasa compaired to 2006
    • 3,430 civilian fire related deaths
    • 17,675 civilian fire relate injuries
    • 78% were Structure Residential Fires
    • 14.6 million dollars worth of property damage
    • The fire department responded every 20 seconds
  • 84 percent of all fire fatalities occurred in the home, where home is defined as one- and two-family dwellings and apartments.
  • 2,865 civilian fire deaths occurred in homes. That is an increase of 11%.
  • Nationwide there was a civilian fire death every 153 minutes.
  • Compared to 2006 there was a 7% drop in the number of vehicle fires in 2007
  • Compared to 2006 there was a 6% drop in the number of outside and other fire in 2007
Source: National Fire Protection Association Fire Loss in the U.S. During 2005 Abridged Report.

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